Columbus rambled about these parts in 1492, but it wasn’t until 1545 that Holguín City was officially settled and named. In that year, Captain Francisco Garcia Holguín started herding cattle on land rewarded him for his military actions in Mexico; to this day, cattle and dairy farms are a thriving industry around Holguín.
Holguín is a lively, yet manageable city known as the "City of Parks ". There’s the Parque Infantil, Parque San José, Parque San Isidoro, Parque Martí, Parque de las Flores, and many others. The principal park, however, is Parque Calixto García, which serves as meeting point for "Holguineros" of all stripes. It’s surrounded by the city’s most important historic buildings, now converted into cinemas, theaters, museums, galleries, art centers and the like. It serves as backdrop for all kinds of local activities, fairs, festivals, carnivals, and student and worker demonstrations.
Ascend the 468 steps of the Loma de la Cruz to the north of the city and you’ll be treated to stunning panoramas. The wooden cross – erected high above Holguín in 1790¬ – serves as protective symbol, a place to make promises, and ornament.
Another meeting point for "Holguineros" is the General Calixto García Iñiguez baseball stadium, located in the northeastern part of the city. It’s a wonderful place to catch a game and served as one of the Baseball World Cup venues in 2003. It is the first Cuban stadium to house a sports museum.